BREEDING AND REARING OF COWS/BUFFALOES/CALVES SCHEME
The Livestock Economy penetrates sections of rural society both vertically and laterally, supposedly more equitably than land holdings.
Considerably there have been dramatic favourable changes in livestock population and composition over the past five decades, but overall impact on poor has not been much.
Goa has its own Breeding Policy and accordingly animal are to be bred using Jersey semen. However, the local cattle owners find it very difficult to stall-feed their unproductive indigenous cattle. This leads to the animals roaming in the streets looking for grazing patches or feeding from the dustbins as scavenger cows. Deaths in these cows are reported due to consumption of plastic bags over a period of time, which is total loss to the farmer and the State. Unlike stray dogs, the stray cattle have owners, who due to their own financial circumstances cannot stall feed the unproductive animals, as it is a further burden to their pocket. Presently, there is no Government scheme or any agency to take care of the unproductive and low milk yielding local animals. The promotion of dairy husbandry through crossbreeding of low productive local cattle is therefore to be given priority as most of the villagers own a few cattle. This programme will ensure techno-economic viability and prosperity to the small farmers. Local Cattle breeding, was initiated by the Government of Goa in early 70's, but was not popular, due to the high feeding cost during stall feeding.
Considering this scenario, further research and technology transfer are needed in areas of genetic improvement, reproductive efficiency and nutrition and health care, all these areas are equally important to improve the overall quantity and quality of milk production. Genetic improvement in this direction can further promote economic and eco-friendly dairy husbandry, which the small farmers are looking forward for their sustainable livelihood. There should be no limitation to the number of animals covered by individual farmer or organisation.
The main Objectives of the scheme are as follows:
- To encourage the cross breeding of cows and buffaloes.
- To encourage rearing of cross-bred calves & improved buffalo calves from birth to 27 months.
- To encourage and uplift the S.C and S.T. community.
- To improve & sustain the productivity of cattle & buffalo through use of Artificial Insemination practices.
- To assist the farmer financially in stall feeding the local animals & rearing of the cross-bred calves & improved buffalo calves purchased alongwith the Kamdhenu animals.
- To indirectly reduce the menace of stray cattle.
- All farmers availing the Artificial Insemination facility for cattle and buffalo and registered with the local Government Veterinary Services.
- All farmers irrespective of their financial status.
- All the farmers having cross-bred female calves and improved buffalo female calves either born out of A.I. or calves born to existing cows and buffaloes or bought along with animals under Kamdhenu Scheme or Western Ghat Scheme or Modern Dairy Scheme/purchased locally
Expectation on implementation of the Scheme :
- This programme will eliminate stray cattle and conserve community or individual paddy field, crops, plantations and forests from being destroyed by grazing of stray cattle.
- Door to door, service will help them to avail timely services and to develop confidence in adoption of the technology.
- Promotion of healthy crossbred cattle.
- Unproductive local cattle population will be reduced.
- Non-dependence on neighbouring States by beneficiaries for their requirement of crossbred animals under various Government Schemes.
- Increase in the number of crossbred cows thereby giving a fillip to the yield of milk in Goa.
The scheme consists three phases. The first phase deals with the Artificial Insemination of the cows and buffaloes. The second phase is the confirmation of pregnancy and feeding incentive.
The third phase deals with rearing of the calf from birth to 27 months. It will also include the cross-bred female calves born out of A.I. to local cows, buffaloes and improved buffalo female calves or calves born to existing cows and buffaloes or bought along with animals under Kamdhenu Scheme or Western Ghat Scheme or Modern Dairy Scheme or other existing Scheme.
A. PHASE- 1
- The caste certificate if SC/ST/ Dhangar is required to be submitted by the farmer.
- The farmer shall submit Xerox copy of bank saving account book indicating account number, MICR code, and IFSC code.
- The farmer should register his entire local (non-descript) cattle & buffalo with the local Veterinary Dispensary or Veterinary Hospital free of cost.
- The farmer should intimate the local Veterinary Centre whenever the animal shows heat symptoms. On insemination the farmer is given a incentive of Rs. 500/- (Rupees Five Hundred only) per A.I. for 1st A.I. and Rs.200/- (Rupees Two Hundred only) for 2nd A.I., which will be directly deposited in his bank account on submission of records by the Veterinary Officer/Assistant Director of the area in form no. I, and on submission of advance receipt from the farmer.
- The cow/buffalo has to be kept tied on the day of A.I. and two days subsequent to the heat, so as to avoid natural service by local bull.
- The farmer is entitled to this benefit only for one A.I. per cycle.
- No additional incentives will be given for repeat of A.I. for the same heat.
B. Phase 2
(Local Cows and Buffaloes)
- The Animals under the scheme will be microchipped in the third month after confirmation of pregnancy.
- The local Veterinary Doctor will then recommend the case to Head Office for feed incentive in Form II
- On confirmation of pregnancy, the Farmer is entitled for incentive from the 4th month onward on feed, fodder & miscellaneous expenditure amounting Rs.2,000/- (Rupees Two Thousand Only) per month, on submission of monthly progress report in Form III by area V.O/A.D.
- To avail the benefits of the scheme the farmer should keep the animal tied and feed the animal.
- Feed allowance will be discontinued in case of disposal of the animal, abortion / death of animal and non-stall feeding of animals & malnutrition of animals.
C. Phase 3
|Age of Calf||Anticipated expenditure (in Rs)||Subsidy component (in Rs)|
|1 - 3 months||7,500/-||5,625/-|
|4 - 6 months||3,500/-||2,625/-|
|7 - 9 months||4,500/-||3,375/-|
|10 - 12 months||4,500/-||3,375/-|
|13 - 15 months||6,400/-||4,800/-|
|16 - 18 months||6,400/-||4,800/-|
|19 - 21 months||6,400/-||4,800/-|
|22 - 24 months||6,400/-||4,800/-|
|25 - 27 months||7,200/-||5,400/-|
- On birth of a female cross-bred calf or improved buffalo female calf, to local cow or local buffalo, an amount of Rs. 4,000/- will be given as incentive to cover the farmers initial financial expenditure on receipt of intimation of birth of female calf in Form no.IV from the farmer through the area officer.
- The calf will be given feed allowance from birth to 27 months.
- Calf born should be registered immediately on birth at the nearest Veterinary Dispensary / Hospital in Form no. V
- Cross-bred female calves & improved buffalo calves below one month age bought along with animals under Kamdhenu Scheme, Western Ghat Scheme, Modern Dairy Scheme or any other Departmental Scheme/purchased locally should be registered & can be included in this scheme.
- The feeding allowance is as follows - calf feeding allowance will be provided to all the calves that have attained the weight of at least 30 kgs at 3 months.
- Calves under the scheme should gain at least 30 kg per quarter.
- To avail the benefits of the scheme the farmer should keep the animal tied and feed the animal so as to gain a body weight of 30 kgs per quarter.
- The farmers will be provided subsidy @ 50% of the anticipated expenditure.
- In case of S.C./ S.T. & Dhangar Community farmers 100% subsidy will be provided.
- Here below is chart showing anticipated expenditure and subsidy component:-
- GUIDELINES FOR RELEASE OF SUBSIDY:-
- Calf should attain the desired weight as prescribed in the scheme.
- The Area Assistant Director/Veterinary Officer shall submit the quarterly weight gain certificate to the head office for approval as per Annexure "A" for each quarter.
- Applicant should submit the Xerox copy of his /her bank saving account number from any nationalized or co-operative Bank.
- Subsidy amount will be directly credited to the beneficiary's account after receiving the quarterly weight gain certificate as per Annexure "A" for each quarter.
The farmers owning local cattle/buffalo and cross-bred/ improved buffalo calves bought along with animals under Kamdhenu Scheme born to existing cows are mainly from the rural sector. However local animals in the urban areas will also be considered, and could be given priority so that the menace of stray cattle in urban areas could also be eliminated. Local animals reared by N.G.O's or other organizations will also be considered for benefits. There shall be no discrimination against any farmer since one of the objective of the scheme is to stop the nuisance of "Stray Cattle," this can be achieved only if all local animals are netted into the scheme irrespective of the financial background of the owner. Schedule Caste and Schedule Tribe families & Dhangar will be covered.